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What and Who
Title:Enhancing Privacy and Fairness in Search Systems
Speaker:Joanna Biega
coming from:Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik - D5
Speakers Bio:
Event Type:Promotionskolloquium
Visibility:D1, D2, D3, INET, D4, D5, SWS, RG1, MMCI
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Level:Public Audience
Date, Time and Location
Date:Monday, 1 April 2019
Duration:60 Minutes
Building:E1 4
Search systems have a substantial potential to harm individuals and the society. First, since they collect vast amounts of data about their users, they have the potential to violate user privacy. Second, in applications where rankings influence people’s economic livelihood outside of the platform, such as sharing economy or hiring support websites, search engines have an immense economic power over their users in that they control user exposure in ranked results.

This thesis develops new models and methods broadly covering different aspects of privacy and fairness in search systems for both searchers and search subjects:
* We propose a model for computing individually fair rankings where search subjects get exposure proportional to their relevance. The exposure is amortized over time using constrained optimization to overcome searcher attention biases while preserving ranking utility.
* We propose a model for computing sensitive search exposure where each subject gets to know the sensitive queries that lead to her profile in the top-k search results. The problem of finding exposing queries is technically modeled as reverse nearest neighbor search, followed by a weekly-supervised learning to rank model ordering the queries by privacy-sensitivity.
* We propose a model for quantifying privacy risks from textual data in online communities. The method builds on a topic model where each topic is annotated by a crowdsourced sensitivity score, and privacy risks are associated with a user’s relevance to sensitive topics. We propose relevance measures capturing different dimensions of user interest in a topic and show how they correlate with human risk perceptions.
* Last but not least, we propose a model for privacy-preserving personalized search where search queries of different users are split and merged into synthetic profiles. The model mediates the privacy-utility trade-off by keeping semantically coherent fragments of search histories within individual profiles, while trying to minimize the similarity of any of the synthetic profiles to the original user profiles.

Name(s):Petra Schaaf
EMail:--email address not disclosed on the web
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Petra Schaaf/MPI-INF, 04/01/2019 09:26 AM
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Petra Schaaf/MPI-INF, 04/01/2019 09:28 AM
  • Petra Schaaf, 04/01/2019 09:28 AM -- Created document.