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What and Who
Title:Identification of Horizontal Gene Transfer Events in Viruses
Speaker:Saskia Metzler
coming from:Saarland University
Speakers Bio:
Event Type:PhD Application Talk
Visibility:D1, D2, D3, D4, D5, SWS, RG1, MMCI
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Level:Public Audience
Language:English
Date, Time and Location
Date:Monday, 19 May 2014
Time:09:00
Duration:75 Minutes
Location:Saarbrücken
Building:E1 4
Room:024
Abstract
Viruses infect other organisms in order to replicate. They are highly diverse and can act as carriers of genetic material. Their close interaction with the host and their ability to switch between hosts, makes them a potential driving force of evolution: Both, donation of genetic material to the host and take-up from the host have been observed for different viral species.

We provide a method for the systematic identification of atypical genes within virus families. Genes that were subject of recent horizontal gene transfer are assumed to display the statistical features of the original genome rather than those of the genome in which they are observed. We present a one-class support vector machine approach to detect atypical genes within a virus family on the basis of their statistical signatures.

Evaluation of the approach on simulated data attests its capability to robustly identify alien genes. Tests on real data and comparison to literature confirm its value in practice. With the capability to rank genes from atypical to typical for a virus family, the algorithm provides a useful tool to identify the most promising candidates for horizontal gene transfer.

Contact
Name(s):Jennifer Gerling
Phone:1800
EMail:--email address not disclosed on the web
Video Broadcast
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Attachments, File(s):
  • Jennifer Gerling, 05/15/2014 11:17 AM -- Created document.