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Master's thesis | @MastersThesis{Tolosi2006, ... | Masterarbeit

Tolosi, Laura

Analysis of Array CGH Data for the Estimation of Genetic Tumor Progression

Universität des Saarlandes, June, 2006

In cancer research, prediction of time to death or relapse is important for a meaningful tumor classification and selecting
appropriate therapies. The accumulation of genetic alterations during tumor progression can be used for the assessment of the genetic
status of the tumor. ArrayCGH technology is used to measure genomic amplifications and deletions, with a high resolution that allows the
detection of down to single genes copy number changes.
\\\\We propose an automated method for analysis of cancer mutations
accumulation based on statistical analysis of arrayCGH data. The
method consists of the four steps: arrayCGH smoothing, aberrations
detection, consensus analysis and oncogenetic tree models
estimation. For the second and third steps, we propose new
algorithmic solutions. First, we use the adaptive weights
smoothing-based algorithm GLAD for identifying regions of constant
copy number. Then, in order to select regions of gain and loss, we
fit robust normals to the smoothed Log$_2$Ratios of each CGH array
and choose appropriate significance cutoffs. The consensus analysis
step consists of an automated selection of recurrent aberrant
regions when multiple CGH experiments on the same tumor type are
available. We propose to associate $p$-values to each measured
genomic position and to select the regions where the $p$-value is
sufficiently small.
\\\\The aberrant regions computed by our method can be further used to estimate evolutionary trees, which model the dependencies
between genetic mutations and can help to predict tumor progression
stages and survival times.
\\\\We applied our method to two arrayCGH data sets obtained from prostate cancer and glioblastoma patients, respectively.
The results confirm previous knowledge on the genetic mutations
specific to these types of cancer, but also bring out new regions,
often reducing to single genes, due to the high resolution of
arrayCGH measurements. An oncogenetic tree mixture model fitted to
the Prostate Cancer data set shows two distinct evolutionary
patterns discriminating between two different cell lines. Moreover,
when used as clustering features, the genetic mutations our
algorithm outputs separate well arrays representing 4 different cell
lines, proving that we extract meaningful information. }

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Prof. Dr. Thomas Lengauer, PhD
Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Lenhof
PD Dr. Jorg Rahnenführer
Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik
Computational Biology and Applied Algorithmics
not specified
MPII WWW Server, MPII FTP Server, MPG publications list, university publications list, working group publication list, Fachbeirat, VG Wort

BibTeX Entry:
AUTHOR = {Tolosi, Laura},
TITLE = {Analysis of Array CGH Data for the Estimation of Genetic Tumor Progression},
SCHOOL = {Universit{\"a}t des Saarlandes},
YEAR = {2006},
TYPE = {Master's thesis}
MONTH = {June},

Entry last modified by Uwe Brahm, 06/04/2007
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Laura Tolosi
11/29/2006 03:43:19 PM
Uwe Brahm
Laura Tolosi
Laura Tolosi
Laura Tolosi
Edit Dates
06/04/2007 20:43:19
11/29/2006 03:51:45 PM
11/29/2006 03:49:48 PM
11/29/2006 03:43:20 PM