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Master's thesis | @MastersThesis{Maue2006, ... | Masterarbeit

Maue, Jens

A Goal-Directed Shortest Path Algorithm Using Precomputed Cluster Distances

Universität des Saarlandes, June, 2006

This thesis introduces a new acceleration heuristic for shortest path queries, called the PCD algorithm (\textbf{P}recomputed \textbf{C}luster \textbf{D}istances).
PCD precomputes shortest path distances between the partitions of the input graph, which can be obtained by any graph partitioning method.
Since the number of partitions can be varied between one and the number of nodes, the method presents an interpolation between all pairs and ordinary single source single target shortest path search.
This allows a flexible trade-off between preprocessing time and space on the one hand and query time on the other, allowing significant speedups even for a sublinear amount of extra space.
The method can be applied to arbitrary graphs with non-negative edge weights and does not afford a layout.
Experiments on large street networks with a suitable clustering method are shown to yield average speedups of up to 114.9 for PCD as a stand-alone method.
Furthermore, the algorithm's space-efficiency, simplicity, and goal-directed behaviour make PCD an alternative method to provide other acceleration heuristics with goal-direction.

Shortest Paths, Preprocessing Heuristics, Graph Algorithms
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Prof. Dr. Kurt Mehlhorn
Prof. Dr. Peter Sanders
Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik
Algorithms and Complexity Group
MPII WWW Server, MPII FTP Server, MPG publications list, university publications list, working group publication list, Fachbeirat, VG Wort

BibTeX Entry:
AUTHOR = {Maue, Jens},
TITLE = {A Goal-Directed Shortest Path Algorithm Using Precomputed Cluster Distances},
SCHOOL = {Universit{\"a}t des Saarlandes},
YEAR = {2006},
TYPE = {Master's thesis}
MONTH = {June},

Entry last modified by Christine Kiesel, 02/01/2007
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Jens Maue
06/21/2006 12:39:45 PM
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