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Hybridizing concept languages

Tzakova, Miroslava and Blackburn, Patrick

October 1998, 33 pages.

Status: available - back from printing

This paper shows how to increase the expressivity of concept languages using a strategy called {\em hybridization}. Building on the well-known correspondences between modal and description logics, two {\em hybrid languages\/} are defined. These languages are called `hybrid' because, as well as the familiar propositional variables and modal operators, they also contain {\em variables across individuals\/} and a binder that {\em binds\/} these variables. As is shown, combining aspects of modal and first-order logic in this manner allows the expressivity of concept languages to be boosted in a natural way, making it possible to define number restrictions, collections of individuals, irreflexivity of roles, and TBox- and ABox-statements. Subsequent addition of the {\em universal modality\/} allows the notion of subsumption to be internalized, and enables the representation of queries to arbitrary first-order knowledge bases. The paper notes themes shared by the hybrid and concept language literatures, and draws attention to a little-known body of work by the late Arthur Prior.

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  AUTHOR = {Tzakova, Miroslava and Blackburn, Patrick},
  TITLE = {Hybridizing concept languages},
  TYPE = {Research Report},
  INSTITUTION = {Max-Planck-Institut f{\"u}r Informatik},
  ADDRESS = {Im Stadtwald, D-66123 Saarbr{\"u}cken, Germany},
  NUMBER = {MPI-I-98-2-017},
  MONTH = {October},
  YEAR = {1998},
  ISSN = {0946-011X},