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Crease surfaces: from theory to extraction and application to diffusion tensor MRI

Schultz, Thomas and Theisel, Holger and Seidel, Hans-Peter

December 2008, 33 pages.

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Crease surfaces are two-dimensional manifolds along which a scalar field assumes a local maximum (ridge) or a local minimum (valley) in a constrained space. Unlike isosurfaces, they are able to capture extremal structures in the data. Creases have a long tradition in image processing and computer vision, and have recently become a popular tool for visualization. When extracting crease surfaces, degeneracies of the Hessian (i.e., lines along which two eigenvalues are equal), have so far been ignored. We show that these loci, however, have two important consequences for the topology of crease surfaces: First, creases are bounded not only by a side constraint on eigenvalue sign, but also by Hessian degeneracies. Second, crease surfaces are not in general orientable. We describe an efficient algorithm for the extraction of crease surfaces which takes these insights into account and demonstrate that it produces more accurate results than previous approaches. Finally, we show that DT-MRI streamsurfaces, which were previously used for the analysis of planar regions in diffusion tensor MRI data, are mathematically ill-defined. As an example application of our method, creases in a measure of planarity are presented as a viable substitute.

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  AUTHOR = {Schultz, Thomas and Theisel, Holger and Seidel, Hans-Peter},
  TITLE = {Crease surfaces: from theory to extraction and application to diffusion tensor MRI},
  TYPE = {Research Report},
  INSTITUTION = {Max-Planck-Institut f{\"u}r Informatik},
  ADDRESS = {Stuhlsatzenhausweg 85, 66123 Saarbr{\"u}cken, Germany},
  NUMBER = {MPI-I-2008-4-003},
  MONTH = {December},
  YEAR = {2008},
  ISSN = {0946-011X},