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Algorithms for some intersection searching problems involving curved objects

Gupta, Prosenjit and Janardan, Ravi and Smid, Michiel

June 1993, 43 pages.

Status: available - back from printing

Three classes of geometric intersection searching problems are considered, i.e., problems in which a set $S$ of geometric objects is to be preprocessed into a data structure so that for any query object $q$, the objects of $S$ that are intersected by $q$ can be counted or reported efficiently. In the first class, $S$ is a set of linear objects, such as lines or line segments, and $q$ is a curved object, such as a circle, disk, or circular arc. In the second class, $S$ is a set of curved objects, such as $d$-balls, $d$-spheres, circles, or circular arcs, and $q$ is also a curved object. In the third class, which is a generalization of the first two, the objects in $S$ are curved or linear and each is assigned a color. Given a query $q$, such as a disk or an annulus, the goal is to count or report the distinct colors of the objects intersected by $q$. Efficient solutions are presented for a wide variety of problems from these classes. The solution techniques are based on geometric transformations, on compositions of known solutions for simplex range searching, on the locus approach, and on persistent data structures. Previously, efficient solutions for such curved intersection searching problems were known only for the case where $S$ consists of curved objects and $q$ is linear.

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  AUTHOR = {Gupta, Prosenjit and Janardan, Ravi and Smid, Michiel},
  TITLE = {Algorithms for some intersection searching problems involving curved objects},
  TYPE = {Research Report},
  INSTITUTION = {Max-Planck-Institut f{\"u}r Informatik},
  ADDRESS = {Im Stadtwald, D-66123 Saarbr{\"u}cken, Germany},
  NUMBER = {MPI-I-93-124},
  MONTH = {June},
  YEAR = {1993},
  ISSN = {0946-011X},