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Subquadratic Approximation Scheme for Partition

Karol Węgrzycki
University of Warsaw
AG1 Mittagsseminar (own work)
AG 1, MMCI  
AG Audience

Date, Time and Location

Tuesday, 24 April 2018
30 Minutes
E1 4


The subject of this paper is the time complexity of approximating Knapsack, Subset Sum, Partition, and some other related problems. The main result is an O˜(n + 1/ε^{5/3}) time randomized FPTAS for Partition, which is derived from a certain relaxed form of a randomized FPTAS for Subset Sum. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first NP-hard problem that has been shown to admit a subquadratic time approximation scheme, i.e., one with time complexity of O((n + 1/ε)^{2−δ}) for some δ>0. To put these developments in context, note that a quadratic FPTAS for Partition has been known for 40 years.

Our main contribution lies in designing a mechanism that reduces an instance of Subset Sum to several simpler instances, each with some special structure, and keeps track of interactions between them. This allows us to combine techniques from approximation algorithms, pseudo-polynomial algorithms, and additive combinatorics.
We also prove several related results. Notably, we improve approximation schemes for 3-SUM, (min,+)-convolution, and Tree Sparsity. Finally, we argue why breaking the quadratic barrier for approximate Knapsack is unlikely by giving an Ω((n + 1/ε)^{2−o(1)}) conditional lower bound.


Karl Bringmann
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Karl Bringmann, 04/12/2018 10:06
Karl Bringmann, 04/12/2018 10:05 -- Created document.