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Methods and Tools for Summarization of Entities and Facts in Knowledge Bases

Tomasz Tylenda
MMCI
Promotionskolloquium
AG 1, AG 2, AG 3, AG 4, AG 5, SWS, RG1, MMCI  
English

Date, Time and Location

Monday, 28 September 2015
11:00
-- Not specified --
E1 4
0.24
Saarbr├╝cken

Abstract

Knowledge bases have become key assets for search and analytics over large document corpora.

They are used in applications ranging from highly specialized tasks in bioinformatics to general
purpose search engines. The large amount of structured knowledge they contain calls for effective
summarization and ranking methods.

The goal of this dissertation is to develop methods for automatic summarization of entities in knowledge
bases, which also involves augmenting them with information about the importance of particular facts on
entities of interest. We make two main contributions.

First, we develop a method to generate a summary of information about an entity using the type
information contained in a knowledge base. We call such a summary a semantic snippet. Our method
relies on having importance information about types, which is external to the knowledge base.
We show that such information can be obtained using human computing methods, such as Amazon
Mechanical Turk, or extracted from the edit history of encyclopedic articles in Wikipedia.

Our second contribution is linking facts to their occurrences in supplementary documents.
Information retrieval on text uses the frequency of terms in a document to judge their importance.
Such an approach, while natural, is difficult for facts extracted from text. This is because information
extraction is only concerned with finding any occurrence of a fact. To overcome this limitation we
propose linking known facts with all their occurrences in a process we call fact spotting. We develop
two solutions to this problem and evaluate them on a real world corpus of biographical documents.

Contact

Daniela Alessi
068193255000
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Daniela Alessi, 09/21/2015 02:21 PM
Daniela Alessi, 09/21/2015 02:18 PM -- Created document.